Effects of Smoking on
Circulatory and Respiratory Systems



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Smoking
Smoking is very bad for your respiratory system. When you smoke a cigarette, you inhale the smoke into your lungs. Your lungs are exposed to 4,000 toxic substances in cigarette smoke.Smoking affects the respiratory system. When you smoke the tar sticks to the lining of your throat and lungs (fingers turn yelllow). Alveoli is a type of disease you can recieve. Smoking will affect your respiratory system and circulatory system because it contains a ton of carbon monoxide which sticks to the haemoglobin in the blood instead of oxygen this means that many organs don't get enough oxygen as they should do so it increases blood pressure so any small amount of oxygen can reach organs anyway.

Parts of the Respiratory System:

-Trachea

-Bronchi

-Lungs -Diaphragm

What is The Circulatory System?

The Circulatory System is responsible for transporting material throughout the entire body. It transports nutrients, water, and oxygen to your billions of body cells and carries away wastes such as carbon dioxide that body cells produce. It is an amazing highway that travels trough your entire body connecting all your body cells.



The effects of tobacco smoke on the respiratory system include:

· Asthma
· Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
· Decreased endurance
· Impaired lung function
· Increases respiratory symptoms
· Lung cancer
· Respiratory infections
· Mouth cancer
·
Chronic bronchitis


The effects of tobacco smoke on the circulatory system include:
  • Raised blood pressure and heart rate
  • Causes bad chemicals to be taken to your heart

Did you know?

Each year more than 300,000 people in the United States alone die an early death because of smoking. That is over 800 deaths a day and over 2 deaths per minute.



Health impact
Youth smokers experience immediate health effects, such as: more phlegm production and a
smokers cough, decreased physical fitness, shortness of breath, decreased endurance, more
colds and bronchitis, increased heart rate, a slower rate of lung development, allergy flare-ups,
more colds, flu and pneumonia.

Annually, tobacco kills four times as many people as all the other drugs, car accidents, suicides,
homicides, and AIDS combined.





Facts:
· Twenty percent of all Pierce County deaths are attributed to tobacco use.2
· The earlier a person starts smoking, the more likely he or she is to develop lung cancer.
· Smoking kills nearly 418,000 Americans each year; cocaine kills approximately 1,000 annually.
· Chewing tobacco and snuff are not safer alternatives to smoking. They cause cancer of the cheeks, gums, and throat sometimes within a few years of starting.






Tobacco smoke contains dangerous chemicals


Nicotine is addictive & causes smokers to want to keep smoking.



Respiratory system
The effects of tobacco smoke on the respiratory system include:

Irritation of the trachea (windpipe) and larynx (voice box)

  • Reduced lung function and breathlessness due to swelling and narrowing of the lung airways and excess mucus in the lung passages
  • Impairment of the lungs’ clearance system, leading to the build-up of poisonous substances, which results in lung irritation and damage
  • Increased risk of lung infection and symptoms such as coughing and wheezing
  • Permanent damage to the air sacs of the lungs.


Immune system
The effects of tobacco smoke on the immune system include:

The immune system doesn’t work as well

  • The person is more prone to infections such as pneumonia and influenza
  • It takes longer to get over an illness.


Musculoskeletal system

The effects of tobacco smoke on the musculoskeletal system include:
Tightening of certain muscles
Reduced bone density.





Other effects on the body
Other effects of tobacco smoke on the body include:

Irritation and inflammation of the stomach and intestines

  • Increased risk of painful ulcers along the digestive tract
  • Reduced ability to smell and taste
  • Premature wrinkling of the skin
  • Higher risk of blindness
  • Gum disease (periodontitis).

The male body
The specific effects of tobacco smoke on the male body include:

Lower sperm count

  • Higher percentage of deformed sperm
  • Reduced sperm mobility
  • Changed levels of male sex hormones
  • Impotence, which may be due to the effects of smoking on blood flow and damage to the blood vessels of the penis.


The female body

The specific effects of tobacco smoke on the female body include:
Reduced fertility

  • Menstrual cycle irregularities or absence of menstruation


Tobacco Facts
Tobacco use is the leading preventable cause of disease, disability, and death in the United States. Between 1964 and 2004, cigarette smoking caused an estimated 12 million deaths, including 4.1 million deaths from cancer, and 5.5 million deaths from cardiovascular diseases.

When smoking tobacco, the user inhales tar, nicotine, carbon monoxide, and 200 known poisons into the lungs. The nicotine in cigarettes is powerfully addictive.





Nutrition Tips : How Does Smoking Affect the Respiratory System?
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MyYIhnPgr5c
All forms of tobacco, including cigars, pipe tobacco, snuff, and chewing tobacco, contain the addictive drug nicotine and can also cause cancer.88
Like cocaine, heroin, and marijuana, nicotine increases levels of the neurotransmitter dopamine, which affects the brain pathways that control reward and pleasure. For many tobacco users, long-term brain changes induced by continued nicotine exposure result in addiction — a condition of compulsive drug seeking and use, even in the face of negative consequences.89



Benefits of being smoke free!

1. deep breaths
2. tasting food
3. sense of smell
4. having endurance
5. not polluting air and harming those around you
6. having money
7. free from addictions
8. reducing disease risks



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Sources
http://tomdiaz.files.wordpress.com/2009/10/smokers-lungs1.jpg
http://graphics8.nytimes.com/images/2008/04/16/nyregion/no_fingers.jpg
http://www.tpchd.org/files/library/fe99c9b6fa7d312b.pdf
http://www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au/bhcv2/bhcarticles.nsf/pages/smoking_effects_on_your_body?open
http://thescooponsmoking.org/xhtml/effects/respiratoryGW.php
http://answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20090218103918AAyBpYy
http://www.abovetheinfluence.com/facts/drugs-tobacco.aspx#